Medication therapy

Department of Neurology

Head of Department:
Prof. Dr. med. Dr. h. c. Stefan Schwab

Epilepsy Centre

Spokesman: OA Prof. Dr. med. Hajo Hamer

Today, there is a wide range of drugs with different active agents which can be used to treat epilepsy. Your physician decides which drugs should be chosen and in what dosage, taking into account the form of epilepsy diagnosed, potential concomitant diseases or interactions with other drugs. Combination therapy involving various different active agents may be required.

To find out which drugs are most effective, the patient should document the course of the disease in a seizure diary as each antiepileptic drug's efficacy must be tested individually in each patient's case.

Approximately 70% of all epilepsy patients can become seizure-free by taking medication. The therapy's continued success is dependent on the regular use of the prescribed medication. Patients must not change the dosage without consulting their physician first. If patients would like to resort to other treatment options because of unpleasant side effects, they should discuss this with their physician.

For a small number of patients, medication therapy is not feasible due to unacceptable side effects or insufficient seizure freedom – these forms of epilepsy are referred to as being drug-resistant. There are further therapy options available for patients with these forms of epilepsy.